In order to reduce the spread of the Coronavirus, the CDC (center for disease control) recommends the following:
·Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
·Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
·Stay home when you are sick.
Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
·Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
·Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands with soap and water if hands are visibly dirty.
Facemasks should be worn by individuals who show signs or symptoms of the illness to prevent spread to others. Health care workers should wear masks.
The most common symptoms are fever, tiredness and a dry cough. Other symptoms include runny nose, aches and pains, sore throat and diarrhea. There have also been reports of loss of smell and taste. Around 1 out of 6 individuals will become severely ill. Persons with underlying medical conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, lung disease, and cancer are more likely to develop severe illness. There is no vaccine yet or specific antiviral medication. Antibiotics are not effective since it is a virus. However, Zithromax (an antibiotic) and Hydroxycholoroquine, an antimalarial drug, may be beneficial.
The virus is spread person to person through droplets either breathed in or touched on a surface. The Coronavirus or Covid-19 can live on surfaces, but for how long it is not known. Studies thus far have analyzed the SARS virus, which is also a Coronavirus. This caused the severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak in 2003. A recent study found the SARS virus can survive for 3 hours in the air, on cardboard for upto 24 hours and on plastic and stainless steel for 72 hours. Another study concluded that other corona viruses can live on surfaces upto 9 days.
Elevated temperatures and disinfectants can inactivate the virus. Disinfectants with 62-71% ethanol, 0.5% hydrogen peroxide or 0.1% sodium hypochlorite (bleach), alcohol solutions containing at least 70% alcohol and most EPA-registered common household disinfectants should be effective at disinfecting surfaces against the coronavirus, according to the CDC. The bleach solution can be prepared by mixing 5 tablespoons (one-third cup) of bleach per gallon of water or 4 teaspoons of bleach per quart of water.